Do house rabbits need to be Vaccinated?
Do house rabbits need to be Vaccinated?

Do house rabbits need to be Vaccinated?

Vets recommended vaccination for your pet rabbits annually. It is said that vaccination can help the rabbits’ immune system to be boosted. Vaccination is effectible at least for one year, and then you should consult with a veterinarian to vaccinate your rabbits again. Vaccination records help you to remember about the health care of rabbits. 

Do house rabbits need to be Vaccinated? Yes, vaccination is a must for a pet rabbit. You should follow the schedule for the vaccines starting from the age of 5 weeks.

The development of vaccines is the long term and most awaiting process. It requires many years and needs investment to develop the vaccine. As we know, researchers try to find the cause of disease. Different hypotheses are to be assumed and practiced in different environments.

Do house rabbits need to be Vaccinated?

It is essential to develop a vaccine that equals the standards of quality, safety, and efficiency. Veterinary Medicine Directorate VMD and European Medicines Agency EMA are the independent regulators that declare the principles of the standard. These regulators check and balance the quality and quantity of vaccines. After the approval letter from VMD and EMA, a veterinary medicine company can sell their products.

Vigilance operations are needed for companies on how much vaccine affects the rabbits’ health. It might be harmful or useful results after vaccinating the rabbits. Veterinarians are the best source of successful vigilance operation. A Good company that aims to provide safe and effective vaccines took these operations.

It is essential to know the common disease of rabbits to manage their sound health and activities. There are some chronic and acute diseases, as well. Every year vets see many emergency and critical cases of rabbits. 

What are the rabbits’ vaccines and their usage?

Calici vaccine is used for protecting rabbits from the calicivirus. Calicivirus is a dangerous virus, and it can disable 60 percent of rabbits’ bodies once affected. However, rabbits can be protected from viruses using vaccines. For bunnies, the first dosage is injected when he/she is 6 to 10 weeks old. The second dose is injected after 6 months and so onward. For adult rabbits, vaccinate them twice in a month, and then after 6 months, the third dosage is to be injected.

Nobivac is a vaccine used for protecting rabbits from myxoma virus. Swelling of eyes and ears are the symptoms of myxoma virus. Rabbits mostly die within 10 days of infection. Nobivac vaccine is injected when your rabbits are 5weeks old. Vets recommend this injection because most of the rabbits show their immune system strong and healthy after vaccinating.

Filivac is the vaccine to protect rabbits from Rabbits Viral Hemorrhagic Disease. This is an alternative vaccine. This vaccine also improves the immunity of rabbits. This vaccine is injected in rabbits 1 to 2 times per year.

Eravac is the vaccine to prevent rabbits from Rabbits Viral Hemorrhagic Disease 2. This vaccine is newly introduced in the European market. Clinical trials are not yet to be checked. This is vaccinated once a year. 

Rabbits Vaccine Disease Age
Calici vaccine/Nobivac Calicivirus (RHDV1) 10-12 weeks
Nobivac Myxomatosis 5-10 weeks
Nobivac/filivac/eravac RVHD(RVHD1/RVHD2) 5-10 weeks

 

Most of the vaccines are injected under the skin of rabbits. The only authorized veterinarians should be allowed to vaccinate your rabbits. This is because if the vaccine is injected wrongly, then it might be harmful to your rabbits’ life.

Why are viral diseases fatal for the rabbit’s health?

Bacterial diseases are curable because bacteria cells are independent and living outside of the rabbit’s cells. Antibiotics are effectible for bacterial infection. There is a bright chance of rapid recovery of rabbits.

But viral diseases are incurable because viruses are dependent and living inside of the rabbit’s cells. If vets use any chemical to cure the viral disease, it could be harmful to the rabbit’s body cells. Viruses capture complete body control and replicate their cells energetically. 

In the early stage of any viral disease, vaccination can improve the immune system, and white blood cells can fight with virus-infected cells. But virus signs are visible when the disease is at the end-stage. Vet scientists instructed the owners of pet rabbits to isolate the virally infected rabbits so that the entire population may not be affected.

Affects of vaccines

Vaccination is the injection of weak germs into the body of rabbits so that body can identify and kill these germs and help in the prevention of those germ in the future that could be harmful to the body of rabbits. There are temporary side effects like swelling of the part where the vaccination is injected, and it can lead to a rabbit’s loss of appetite for a short period, and they can be less active for the day of so.

But in the long term vaccination, it is useful, and it helps in the prevention of fatal diseases, and it is highly recommended. Mayxostomasis vaccine doesn’t result in 100 percent prevention, but it helps in reducing the effect of the disease. Viral Hemorrhagic Disease (VHD) vaccination is effectible. 

There shouldn’t be injected two vaccines at the same time. After vaccinating rabbits with one vaccine, other vaccines should be injected after two weeks. This is because veterinarians can test the immunity level and recognize the working of vaccines in the rabbits’ body. The owner should vaccinate their rabbits on their time. If he is waiting for outbreaks of any viral disease, then vaccinating rabbits may not be useful. If your rabbit is eating the wall, give him medicines.

Some precautionary measures may save your rabbits’ health. Always vaccinate healthy rabbits. Never vaccinate if external pressure is abnormal, like the surrounding temperature and high humidity. Vets usually advise vaccinating rabbits once in a year. Ask your veterinarian to issue an annual vaccination card that helps you to remember about the date of vaccination.

Cost of rabbit vaccination

Vaccination of rabbits is necessary to protect them from viral diseases such as hemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis both vaccinations cost almost $16 each. Vaccination should be done after the bunnies reach the age of 5 to 10 weeks. 

Besides vaccination, other medical expenses commonly include ear, dental and eye problems. Treatment of dental problems like overgrown teeth and teeth filling cost ranges from $56 to $113. It varies according to the condition of the issue. Eye treatment of rabbits can cost upto$34 to $90 depending upon the severity, and treating the common ear problems can cost up to $450.

Steps to give vaccination to your rabbits

The vet will ask some mandatory questions before injecting the vaccine; this investigation can take time. The vet may inquire about the previous history of rabbits’ health, diet, and vaccination. What are the changes you have noticed for rabbits, for example, your rabbits’ behavior and any visible change that appears on the rabbit’s body. The vet may also ask worries about your pet rabbits and help to manage them.

After a complete checkup, your vet will vaccinate your rabbits. The vaccine is injected under the skin nearly at the neck of rabbits. It could be harmful to your pet rabbits if the vet injects any vaccine before investigating any clinical disease. If symptoms of rabbits are multiple, and the vet is confused, then he may take the blood sample and test it.

The nursing assistant should prepare the medication, place the syringe, and sterile a new needle on the table. He should remain calm and relax when vaccinating the rabbits. You should properly handle the rabbits while injecting the vaccine.

The nursing assistant should be sealed the vaccine cap at the time of injection. This is because the only sterile vaccine is useful and shows working in the body of rabbits. He should also clean the injecting spot where the vaccine is injected with an alcohol dip cotton bud. The syringe should be inserted at an angle of 45 degrees.

There is no need to vaccinate your rabbits in the spring season. Vaccination can be effective in any season. Some vets suggest vaccinating your rabbits in springs because the viral disease may outbreak in the summer season so, before summer, your rabbits may acquire the best immunity level. You must vaccinate your Netherland Dwarf Rabbit if he bites.

Myxomatosis 

This is a viral disease that is transmitted through infected rabbits. Myxoma virus is the cause of this disease that only affects rabbits. This virus was introduced in Australia and New Zeeland to control wild rabbits. This disease usually infects rabbits through mosquitoes and fleas. This virus is commonly present in the wild population of rabbits all around the world. Mostly it is present in America, Australia and most parts of Europe. The outdoor rabbits are more likely to be affected by this disease.

Myxomatosis vaccine is effectible for preventing disease, but it does not give 100 percent care result. This vaccine is useful for boosting the immune system of rabbits. Vaccinated rabbits show milder or minor symptoms of this disease. Animal scientists introduced a new vaccine of myxomatosis that might be more effectible and give better results as compared to the previous vaccine.

If your rabbits remain unvaccinated, there is a very low chance to survive. Unvaccinated rabbits’ immune system is normal, so invaded cells of rabbits body fight and capture the central body areas. After 12 to 24 hours, rabbits’ death could occur. Infected rabbits should be isolated from other pet rabbits so that virus could be controlled.

In this disease, there are swelling signs around the head, face, eyes, ears, lips, and anus. Another sign to detect this disease is difficult to take breathing and feeding. There is no specific treatment for this disease, but if pet rabbits’ owner follows the prevention steps, then there is the chance to save the rabbits health. There are only two methods to prevent this disease. One of the methods is vaccination. 

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease

This viral disease was first spread in the United Kingdom and is commonly known as Rabbit Viral Hemorrhagic Disease. This disease largely infected in older rabbits and bit little infected younger rabbits. This viral disease damage the lungs and other organs; as a result, it is difficult for rabbits to take breathe. RVHD can quickly kill the rabbit, and signs of this disease are difficult to detect.

The main cause of this viral disease is the calicivirus. This virus is resistant and can live for a long time. It is transmitted through a direct or indirect method. Infected rabbits can spread the virus to another rabbit through urine, food bowl, bedding, or nose to nose contact.

Infected rabbits can die in three days. But it is good news for rabbits’ owner that vaccine of rabbit hemorrhagic disease is effectible and show a hundred percent recovery result. Earlier vaccinated rabbits have a better immune system to overcome this viral disease.

Diagnoses and treatments of rabbits’ diseases

Zoologists are researching to diagnose and treatment of the rabbit’s disease. They successfully found most of the disease treatment, but more progress is still needed. Viral diseases are outbreak, and deaths record can cover the entire population. If proper treatment isn’t available, some control precautions can be acquired to save the lives of rabbits.